The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) was formulated in July 2015 by the National Democratic Alliance government with the vision to extend the cover of irrigation and for efficient use of water supply. Source creation, distribution, management, field application and extension activities are the broad areas that the scheme focuses on providing an end-to-end solution to. The scheme is intended to deliver on ‘Har khet ko pani’ and ‘More crop per drop’ promises. The objective is to overcome the dependency of agriculturists on rainfall.
The scheme approved for implementation by prime minister-headed Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs was allocated Rs 50,000 crore for five years.
PMKSY was devised by amalgamating schemes such as Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) of the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) of Department of Land Resources (DoLR) and the On-Farm Water Management (OFWM) of Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC).
What are the major objectives of the scheme?
Convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level, expansion of cultivable area under guaranteed irrigation, enhancing adoption of precision-irrigation and water-saving technologies, the introduction of sustainable water conservation practices, adoption of on-farm water use efficiency and reduction of wastage and adoption of precision irrigation systems were some targetted objectives.
What role will MPs and MLAs play in scheme planning and implementation?
The suggestions of MLAs and MPs are to de duly considered and included in District Irrigation Plans.
What are the roles of different ministries in the scheme?
A district magistrate-headed committee, with members like the forest officer, lead bank officer, will be finalised in the district irrigation plans. At state level, the amalgamation of DIPs for a co-operative convergence platform for all water sector activities including drinking water and sanitation, application of science and technology etc. will be done.
What is the system instituted for overseeing programme implementation?
National Exective Committee constituted under the chairmanship of the vice-chairperson on the Niti Aayog will be responsible for allocation of resources, inter-ministerial coordination, monitoring and performance assessment and addressing administrative issues.
State-level sanctioning committee headed by state chief secretary will sanction and oversee project implementation. The guidelines for monitoring and implementation will be issued by the Union Minister of Agriculture.
What is the Micro Irrigation Fund under PMKSY?
The Union Budget of 2016-17, announced the constitution of a Micro Irrigation Fund with NABARD with an initial corpus of Rs 5,000 crore to help the states mobilise resources for expanding the coverage of micro irrigation.